Reading Client Input in Apache 1.2
Apache 1.1 and earlier let modules handle POST and PUT requests by themselves. The module would, on its own, determine whether the request had an entity, how many bytes it was, and then called a function (
read_client_block) to get the data.
However, HTTP/1.1 requires several things of POST and PUT request handlers that did not fit into this module, and all existing modules have to be rewritten. The API calls for handling this have been further abstracted, so that future HTTP protocol changes can be accomplished while remaining backwards-compatible.
The New API Functions
int ap_setup_client_block (request_rec *, int read_policy); int ap_should_client_block (request_rec *); long ap_get_client_block (request_rec *, char *buffer, int buffer_size);
ap_setup_client_block()near the beginning of the request handler. This will set up all the necessary properties, and will return either OK, or an error code. If the latter, the module should return that error code. The second parameter selects the policy to apply if the request message indicates a body, and how a chunked transfer-coding should be interpreted. Choose one of
REQUEST_NO_BODY Send 413 error if message has any body REQUEST_CHUNKED_ERROR Send 411 error if body without Content-Length REQUEST_CHUNKED_DECHUNK If chunked, remove the chunks for me. REQUEST_CHUNKED_PASS Pass the chunks to me without removal.
In order to use the last two options, the caller MUST provide a buffer large enough to hold a chunk-size line, including any extensions.
- When you are ready to possibly accept input, call
ap_should_client_block(). This will tell the module whether or not to read input. If it is 0, the module should assume that the input is of a non-entity type (e.g., a GET request). A nonzero response indicates that the module should proceed (to step 3). This step also sends a 100 Continue response to HTTP/1.1 clients, so should not be called until the module is *definitely* ready to read content. (otherwise, the point of the 100 response is defeated). Never call this function more than once.
- Finally, call
ap_get_client_blockin a loop. Pass it a buffer and its size. It will put data into the buffer (not necessarily the full buffer, in the case of chunked inputs), and return the length of the input block. When it is done reading, it will return 0 if EOF, or -1 if there was an error.
As an example, please look at the code in
mod_cgi.c. This is properly written to the new API guidelines.
Apache HTTP Server Version 1.3