As of 1.3, the Apache source directories have been re-organised. This re-organisation is designed to simplify the directory structure, make it easier to add additional modules, and to give module authors a way of specifying compile time options or distribute binary modules. The source changes are:
- The non-module source files have moved from
- The module source files previously in
srchave moved to
supportdirectory is now in
- The existing symbol names used for global Apache function and variable identifiers have been renamed in the source. This way namespace conflicts are avoided when linking Apache with third-party libraries. See the file
src/include/compat.hboth for the list of renamed symbol names and for a way to get source backward compatibility in existing third-party module sources.
In addition, the following enhancements have been made:
- OS abstractions can be added in the
src/osdirectory. Currently this contains information for unix, OS/2 and Windows 32 platforms.
Configurationsyntax has been simplified for adding new modules. Users no longer need to enter the module’s structure name. In addition, new modules can be located anywhere on the file system, or typically in new or existing directories under
- Module authors can give simpler instructions for adding their modules to Apache compilation. They can also now provide compile time information required by
Configure, such as additional libraries required.
- Module authors can distribute pre-compiled (.a or .o) versions of their modules if required, along with a “module definition file” which contains the information required by
- All the sub-directories (main, modules/* and os/*) are built as libraries.
- The new Apache Autoconf-style Interface (APACI) script named
configurereplaced the old top-level
Modules are added to Apache by adding a reference to them in
src/Configuration then running
make. In earlier version of Apache before 1.3, the line added to Configuration looked like this:
Module status_module mod_status.o
From 1.3 onwards, the
AddModule line should be used instead, and typically looks like this:
The argument to AddModule is the path, relative to
src, to the module file’s source or object file.
Normally when adding a module you should follow the instructions of the module author. However if the module comes as a single source file, say mod_foo.c, then the recommended way to add the module to Apache is as follows:
mod_foo.cinto the directory
- Go to the
srcdirectory and add the following line to
New Facilities for Module Authors
In previous releases of Apache, new modules were added to the
src directory, and if the module required any additional compilation options (such as libraries) they would have to be added to
Configuration. Also the user would have to be told the module’s structure name to add on the Module line of
From Apache 1.3 onwards, module authors can make use of these new features:
Configurationcommand AddModule which only requires a path to the module source or object file
- If the module requires compile time options (such as extra libraries) these can be specified in the module file source or an external “module definition file”.
- If a module is distributed as binary (.o or .a) then an external “module definition file” can also be distributed which gives the information Configure needs to add the module, such as extra libraries and the module’s structure name.
- Modules can be installed anywhere on the file system, although a directory under
- If the module is in its own directory, Apache can automatically create a Makefile to build the module given a file containing the module’s dependencies.
- For building a third-party module outside the Apache source tree the new
apxssupport tool can be used to compile the module into a dynamic shared object (DSO), install it into the existing Apache installation and optionally activating it in the Apache
httpd.conffile. The only requirement is that Apache has DSO-support for the used platform and the module
mod_sowas built into the server binary
The rest of this document shows how to package modules for Apache 1.3 and later and what to tell end-users of the module.
Building a simple source distribution
Consider a simple add-on module, distributed as a single file. For example, say it is called mod_demo.c. The archive for this module should consist of two files, in a suitable directory name. For example:
(Of course end-user instructions, README’s, etc can also be supplied in the archive). The end user should be told to extract this archive in the
src/modules directory of their Apache source tree. This will create a new directory
src/modules/mod_demo. Then they need to add the following line to the
make as normal.
mod_demo/Makefile.tmpl should contain the dependencies of the module source. For example, a simple module which just interfaces to some standard Apache module API functions might look this this:
mod_demo.o: mod_demo.c $(INCDIR)/httpd.h $(INCDIR)/http_protocol.h
When the user runs
Configure Apache will create a full makefile to build this module. If this module also requires some additional built-time options to be given, such as libraries, see the next section.
If the module also comes with header files, these can be added to the archive. If the module consists of multiple source files it can be built into a library file using a supplied makefile. In this case, distribute the makefile as
mod_demo/Makefile and do not include a
Configure sees a
Makefile.tmpl it assumes it is safe to overwrite any existing
See the Apache
src/modules/standard for an example of a module directory where the makefile is created automatically from a Makefile.tmpl file (note that this directory also shows how to distribute multiple modules in a single directory). See
src/modules/example for examples of modules built using custom makefiles (to build a library and an object file, respectively).
Adding Compile time Information
Apache source files (or module definition files, see below) can contain information used by
Configure to add compile-time options such as additional libraries. For example, if mod_demo in the example above also requires that Apache be linked against a DBM library, then the following text could be inserted into the mod_demo.c source:
/* * Module definition information - the part between the -START and -END * lines below is used by Configure. This could be stored in a separate * instead. * * MODULE-DEFINITION-START * Name: demo_module * ConfigStart LIBS="$LIBS $DBM_LIB" if [ "X$DBM_LIB" != "X" ]; then echo " + using $DBM_LIB for mod_demo" fi * ConfigEnd * MODULE-DEFINITION-END */
Note that this is contained inside a C language comment to hide it from the compiler. Anything between the lines which contains
MODULE-DEFINITION-END is used by
Name: line gives the module’s structure name. This is not really necessary in this case since if not present
Configure will guess at a name based on the filename (e.g., given “mod_demo” it will remove the leading “mod_” and append “_module” to get a structure name. This works with all modules distributed with Apache).
The lines between
ConfigEnd as executed by
Configure and can be used to add compile-time options and libraries. In this case it adds the DBM library (from $DBM_LIB) to the standard compilation libraries ($LIB) and displays a message.
See the default distribution’s mod_auth_dbm.c for an example of an embedded module definition.
Module Definition Information for Binary Distribitions
If the module is to be distributed as binary (object or library) rather than source, it is not possible to add the module definition information to the source file. In this case it can be placed in a separate file which has the same base name as the object or library file, but with a
.module extension. So, for example, if the distributed module object file is mod_demo.o, the module definition file should be called mod_demo.module. It contains the same information as above, but does not need to be inside a C comment or delimited with
MODULE-DEFINITION-START etc. For example:
Name: demo_module ConfigStart LIBS="$LIBS $DBM_LIB" if [ "X$DBM_LIB" != "X" ]; then echo " + using $DBM_LIB for mod_demo" fi ConfigEnd
See the default distribution’s mod_auth_db.module for an example of a separate module definition file.
Apache HTTP Server